Myopia, nearsightedness, or farsightedness occur due to refractive errors caused by the growth of the eyeball that is too long as a child.
Myopia is also different from other eye disorders such as nearsightedness and astigmatism (blurred eyes) where myopia will continue to develop. Even so, is there a way to reduce minus eye?
Recognizing Minus Eye Disease
Nearsightedness occurs when the structures of the eye do not form properly. Nearsighted eyes will be wider than normal eyes.
Light that enters a normal eye will fall right on the retina as a sensitive part that captures light and passes it on to be processed by the brain.
On the other hand, light in myopia sufferers will not fall directly on the retina but in front of the retina. This is what makes vision blurry or is called a refractive error. As a result, the eye will find it difficult to focus on distant objects, especially signs and writing.
Minus eye can occur in children aged 6 to 13 years, as stated by the NHS. However, adults who have not previously had myopia can also get it. Nearsightedness can get worse with age.
- Causes of Minus Eyes
- There are several causes of minus eyes, including:
descendants. This myopia problem is generally related to genes that run in families.
It is very likely that a person will experience myopia if one or both parents are also affected by myopia.
A little time outdoors. While this may sound like a parental complaint to their child, spending time outdoors for children in particular can reduce the risk of minus eye. The same applies to people with myopia themselves, where the development of eye abnormalities can be suppressed. This possibility is thought to be due to the influence of the level of light entering the eye is greater.
Often see objects up close. Focusing too much on close objects, such as reading, writing, and using gadgets, can increase the risk of developing myopia. Therefore, it is better to rest the eyes by doing other things outside of these activities.
Symptoms of Minus Eye Sufferers
If you or a member of your family is experiencing any of the following symptoms, it is most likely minus eye. If the following symptoms are evident, immediately consult an ophthalmologist.
Watching TV or looking at the computer up close or leaning forward.
Need to sit at the front of the class because of difficulty reading sentences on the blackboard.
- The habit of rubbing the eyes.
- Often complains of headaches or tired eyes.
Other Minus Eye Disorders
Reactions to structural abnormalities of the eye in nearsighted patients usually occur as described above. Even so, there are several cases of abnormalities that are different from minus eyes in general.
high myopia. This condition is more serious than eye minus in general. In people with high myopia, the eyeball grows longer, either forward or backward. In addition to making it difficult to see distant objects, this condition also increases the risk of other things, such as retinal detachment, cataracts, and glaucoma.